Black nightshade widely distributed almost everywhere in Europe, in non-tropical Asia (perhaps in antiquity, this species, among other wild hair bands, took part in the spontaneous selection of the well-known eggplant), is considered adventitious (recorded) and weedy in North America - it grows along roads, along the banks reservoirs, accompanying the person, on weedy places, especially near the dwelling. Known in many subspecies, among which there is a culture, the black fruits of which reach 1.2 cm in diameter.
The great doctors of antiquity and the Middle Ages knew this plant well. Dioscorides advised to use black nightshade for burns of the esophagus and stomach. Hippocrates recommended this type of nightshade for the prevention of nighttime emissions. Abu Ali Ibn Sina - Avicenna - in his “Canon of Medicine” writes about its effectiveness in conjunctivitis and migraine.
In ancient medicine in India, black steeped fruit was used for eye diseases, fevers, even for diarrhea, and the juice of the aerial parts of the plant was used for tuberculosis, dysentery, and chronic liver diseases. Laxatives and diuretic properties of stems leaves were also used. There are known cases of applying the nightshade as an anesthetic before operations.
In Bulgarian medicine, leaves and young stems were used for rinsing the mouth with abscesses on the gums, as well as in the treatment of rheumatism, gout, skin diseases, neurosis, spasms of the bladder and asthma.
In Germany, the aboveground part and the berries of the nightshade were considered more a means of sedation (sedative) and antispasmodic, using mainly for the treatment of epilepsy, various seizures, pruritus, spasms of the bladder and stomach.
Indeed, based on the experience of traditional medicine of different nations, mature fruits can be used, for example, to enhance visual acuity, in sore throat and diphtheria in children, atherosclerosis and hypertension, as a laxative, anthelmintic and antiseptic. The leaves are also analgesic, sedative, anti-inflammatory and wound-healing for stomach cramps, nosebleeds, ear pain, hemorrhoids, allergies, rheumatism, to accelerate the maturation of boils and resorption of swelling.
Fruits of black curry are edible, they contain from 10 to 18% of sugars, up to 5% of starch, about the same (up to 5.5%) organic acids, vitamin C, tannins, pectin. The content of glucoalkaloid solanine in the immature fruits and other parts of the plant, which has toxic properties, is less in temperate countries than in potatoes, and there is practically no solanine in fully ripe fruits. Therefore, the fruits of black curry - unlike the fruits of other steaks - are used in fresh or dried form for juices, jams, preserves, extracts, for filling pies and dumplings, giving them a purple color.
So, if we have learned to distinguish between types of nightshade (and also do not confuse green with black), then we can “take a chance”! But children still better to bake cakes with cherries - pitted. Somehow, you know, calmer ...