Stewarts are unlucky kings. How did the James rule?

Childhood of the king James II passed against the backdrop of squabbles between Livingstone and Kryktonami. Then the Krykton Livingstones bite to death and began to drive Scotland as they wished. In 1450, when the king turned 20, he ordered the principal Livingstones to be executed, and the minor ones simply to be left without means of subsistence. But soon James II had opponents with a much louder surname.

The king, as is usually the case, always lacks money for the most pressing needs. And his second cousin, William Douglas - just bling. The royal court - a miserable misery compared with the luxurious courtyard of the Black Earl. Yes, plus a plus to that - cousin William is only five years older, but already a renowned commander.

In general, when Count Douglas made a pilgrimage to Rome, the king seized most of his possessions. Douglas returned from Rome, the royal administrators and the royal troops defeated and declared his disobedience to the crown.

James II held an event, which - in his understanding - was supposed to both regulate relations with the Douglas clan and help strengthen its own team. He invited the count to negotiate, issuing a written security guarantee, and stabbed him with a dagger. Or rather, not stabbed, but only hit, the approximate king had to finish off the count, which, of course, had a beneficial effect on the cohesion of the workforce.

Four brothers of Count Douglas burned the beautiful city of Steling, laid siege to the king in the castle, thrust his letter under the tail of the horse, but in general acted hesitantly.

King James II continued to rule happily, while the hostile army of Black Douglas, much stronger than his own, roamed around southern Scotland.

On this, in principle, the Stuarts could have ended if the Black Douglas had not defeated Red Douglas, Count of Angus. Why he took the side of the king is a topic for historical research, for a novel. In general, this man is a treasure for lovers of historical forks, three times he had the opportunity to turn the whole history of Scotland and once - England.

The reign of James II was completely foolish. Having decided to support the relatives of the Lancaster in their struggle with the Yorks, the king of Scotland laid siege to Roxburgh Castle. The siege went on as usual - neither shaky nor roll. Admire the action arrived the queen. The young king in honor of his beloved wife decided to personally arrange a salute from the biggest cannon. The gun was torn to pieces, and with it the king.

New king James III - eight years.

Not everyone liked it, but Earl Angus laid the crown on James’s head and said:

- Let someone try to remove it now.

Dallit Red Douglas did not dare. In principle, he could just as well put the crown on his head. However, George Douglas was more inclined to become the English duke, and led the negotiations with the fugitive king Henry VI.

Two groups fought for power in Scotland. One was headed by the queen mother, Mary Geldern, the other by Bishop Kennedy. Hopefully, the leaders of the opposing factions treated the young king well.

James III was predicted that he would die at the hands of a close relative. Therefore, as an adult, he imprisoned his brothers - one in Edinburgh Castle, in the center of the capital, the other - in Craigmillar, on the outskirts. In the castle Craigmillar guarding coped well with their duties - John Stewart, Earl of Mar, soon died under unexplained circumstances. And in the main stronghold of the kingdom - full slackers, Alexander Stewart, Duke of Albany, fled from custody.

It seems that the reign began well, order was established in the kingdom, and the central power strengthened. Naturally, such a thing ended with the Loder Rebellion. And the main instigator was Archibald Douglas, Earl of Angus, the son of the Earl of Angus, who laid the crown on the head of the young James.

Royal favorites were torn to pieces, the king himself was arrested and removed from power. Here, by the way, the runaway brother returned from abroad. And he offered the lords to call him simply - Alexander the Fourth.

Through frantic intrigues, James III managed to free himself from custody, regain power, and expel an ambitious brother from the kingdom.

But in 1488, the new insurgency.

The area around the styling is streaked. The most famous of them - Bannockburn. But quite famous and Sochibern. On the banks of this creek there was a battle between the army of King James III and the army of the rebels Prince James.

Prediction, as it usually happens, came true not directly. It was not the son who personally killed the father, but the fact that one of the Prince’s warriors did this is beyond doubt.

So the king ascended to the throne James IV. He felt moral responsibility for what had happened and, as a repentance, he wore chains on his body all his life.

If it were not for this dark spot, his rule could be called successful.

And if in 1513 it had not been carried to the Flodden field.

Did he listen to the persuasions of the French allies, took the opportunity for an opportunity to plunder Northumbria with impunity (the blue dream of most of the Pictish and Scott kings), but broke off established relations with England and went to war. By the way, the French allies also helped here in the same way as they helped over the past two hundred years. They sent a small detachment of mercenaries to help and taught the last word of military equipment - long peaks. These five-meter tools used by the Swiss - and with great success. But the tactics and structure of the Swiss army corresponded to them - this is first, and secondly - at the beginning of the 16th century, long peaks became an anachronism.

Not only did James IV himself die in the Battle of Flodden Field, and not only did he ruin the entire Scottish army and almost all the Scottish knights. He also planted a good pig to his son and heir.

The queens of Scotland, the wives of James Stuarts, usually became widows at a young age. But rarely one of them has long remained in this capacity. Queen Margaret was twenty-four years old. Already in 1514 she became the Countess of Angus. However, soon enough, her relationship with the new husband became bad, and there and in general hostile.

In 1517, the queen (countess) Margaret filed for divorce. Roman-Scottish bureaucrats for a long time pulled the bagpipes and lit the pair only in 1527, ten years later. And the relations between the spouses were such that they equipped small armies against each other and fought. Particularly known is the battle of Linlithgow Bridge (the bridge over the Avon River, which gave the name to a cosmetics company), where the supporters of Count Angus defeated the army of his wife.

So, Archibald Douglas, Count of Angus, in 1525 committed a coup d'etat. He took power into his own hands, and most importantly, seized the stepson James, whom he had held in Edinburgh for several years under supervision, in fact, under arrest.

Subsequently, the king James V so hated by all Douglas that a special royal decree to people who bore this name, it was forbidden to approach the residence of the king closer than seven miles. There was, however, one exception - his half-sister Margaret.

In 1528, fifteen-year-old James managed to escape from his stepfather. The young king immediately found supporters, Archibald Douglas was removed from all posts and expelled. But the earl managed to empty the state treasury almost completely.

Now - 1542nd.

James V loved marrying French women and hated Douglas. He also hated the English - somewhat strange for the native grandson of the English king Henry VII, but what can you do. The consequence of this was the policy hostile to England, and it all ended with the fact that Uncle Henry (VIII) decided to severely punish his nephew.

In the first battle, the Scottish army under the command of Count Huntley won the British. But to win a battle and win a war are two different things. The king of the count removed from command and himself at the head of the army moved towards the enemy. But the Scottish lords could not forgive his late father Flodden, many of them wondered: why should they fight against the British? The king almost had to pull the lords out of their castles and force them to join the army.

After the very first small skirmish at Solway-Moss, the entire almost Scottish army deserted. The king went to his Falklands Palace, where he died of nervous breakdown at the age of thirty.

Rights Vyacheslav Martin, unlucky kings - Stewarts.

Watch the video: Horrible Histories - The english kings and queens song (February 2020).

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